Standards PDF Cover Page Document preview. Historical. ASTM E Standard Test ASTM International [ASTM]. Add to Alert; PDF. Add to Alert. ×. Buy ASTM E TEST METHOD FOR ANALYSIS OF ALUMINUM AND ALUMINUM ALLOYS BY SPARK ATOMIC EMISSION SPECTROMETRY from. Designation: E – 07 Standard Test Method for Analysis of Other forms 1 This test method is under the jurisdiction of ASTM . Arsenic Beryllium Bismuth Boron I II I .. The reader is referred to the manufacturer's manual that is supplied with the instrument.
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ASTM. E Standard Test Method for Analysis of Aluminum and Aluminum Alloys Active Standard ASTM E | Developed by Subcommittee: E TEL: , , Participant Instruction Sheet (Annexure: II) . ASTM E . Spectro Manual. Designation: E 07 Standard Test Method for Analysis of Aluminum and 66 Downloads . This test method is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee E01 on astm d astm dslt astm d astm d.
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Generally, precision improves as the purity of the argon gas gets higher. Argon gas with a minimum purity of The gas shall be delivered by a? The argon gas source can be from high-purity compressed gas cylinders, a cryogenic-type cylinder that contains liquid argon or possibly from a central supply liquid only.
It is essential that only argon gas meeting the minimum purity of Delivery tubing must not produce any contamination of the argon stream. Refrigerator grade copper tubing is recommended. The gages on the regulator will allow for the adjustment of the gas pressure to the instrument. Delivery pressure speci?
Please note that the delivery tube connections should be made with all metal seals and the delivery tubing itself should be kept as short as possible Note 3.
Argon supply shall be sufficient to support required? All connections must be leak-free.
NOTE 3—All metal connections are strongly recommended because the discharge is adversely affected by organic contamination, or by as little as 4 E — 07 2 ppm of oxygen or a few ppm of water vapor. Data should be accessible to the operator throughout all steps of the calculation process. Concentration data may be automatically transferred to a site mainframe computer or server for further data storage and distribution.
Materials 8. The counter electrode should be made from thoriated tungsten or silver and have a pointed end. The gap distance between the specimen surface and the tip of the counter electrode is speci?
The diameter and geometry of the counter electrode is also application and vendor dependent. The counter electrode con? Electrode maintenance frequent brushing of the counter electrode to maintain its con?
It is recommended that the purchaser specify that the instrument come with several spare counter electrodes so that they can be replaced when necessary. Reference Materials 9. These materials should also possess a metallurgical condition that is similar to the material s that are being analyzed. The calibrants shall be used to produce the analytical curves for the various elements being determined.
The concentrations of these calibrants should be fairly evenly spaced over the calibrated analytical range so that a mathematically valid calibration curve can be established using all of the points. Also, there are other commercial sources for aluminum reference materials. These reference materials can be used for establishing the analytical curve, but will not reveal potential interferences from nearby lines of other elements, or matrix effects that change instrument response or background.
For optimum usefulness, several of the calibrants should have concentrations for the other elements that vary over the expected ranges in the specimen to be analyzed. NOTE 4—Atomic emission analysis is a comparative technique that requires a close match of the metallurgy, structure and composition between the reference material and the test material.
Differences in structure, such as result from the sodium modi? To ensure analytical accuracy, care must be taken to match the characteristics of the reference material to that of the test material or suitable corrections to adjust for these in? The low standardant is usually high purity smelter grade aluminum.
The high standardant s should have concentrations near or above the median concentration for the calibrated range of each spectral line. The commercially available standardants are tested for homogeneity and reproducibility of spectral response but are not necessarily certi?
Composition certi? Care should be exercised when replacing depleted standardants with new ones that are from different heats or lots since the actual concentration of the individual element s may be different from the standardant currently in use. Whenever standardants are replaced, appropriate procedures must be followed to reference the intensities obtained from the new standardant to the intensities obtained from the standardant being replaced.
See These materials are used to establish the background readings of the spectrometer for most elements. Their exact compositions need not be known. They may be used if the lowest concentration of the element being determined is within ten times the detection limit of that element. These materials are certi? This correction is then applied to each subsequent analysis. When using this approach it is assumed that the composition s of the unknown s will be essentially similar to the composition of the type standardant.
Hazards The instrument should be designed so access to the power supply is restricted by the use of safety interlocks. Therefore, the instrument shall be designed with an internal exhaust system that is equipped with its own set of?
Additionally, the instrument exhaust after being? To keep the instrument running properly, the?
Sampling Preparation of Reference Materials and Specimen The surfaces of the reference materials and the surfaces of the specimens that are to be analyzed shall be prepared in the same manner. See Practice E for details.
NOTE 5—To achieve the best analytical results, both reference materials and sample specimen should have fresh surfaces. Optionally, the purchaser may also choose to specify that the instrument come completely pre-calibrated for all alloys and all intended analytical tasks.
The purchaser also has the option of completely con? When this is done, great care must be exercised in the selection of the correct analytical conditions, analytical channels, internal standard channels, calibration ranges and calibrants to meet the speci?
Whether the vendor or the end user calibrates an instrument, it is the responsibility of the end user to verify that the instrument is performing according to the speci? It is beyond the scope of this test method to describe the intricacies of complete instrument con? If the instrument is newly installed, it is recommended that the pro? Record all pro? Compare the differences in the settings to the tolerance variability allowed by the manufacturer.
This shall be done by a trained expert initially and as often as necessary thereafter to assure proper alignment. NOTE 7—Modern direct reading spectrometers should show little drift in the response channels with time. However, if at any time the gain adjustment of any channel drops below 0. Preparation of Apparatus NOTE 6—It is not within the scope of this method to prescribe all of the details that are associated with the correct operation of any spectrometer.
In many instances a manufacturer will offer speci? These have been found to produce comparable analytical performance. Refer to 7. Conditions may have to be selected. A longer pre-spark and exposure may result in better precision and accuracy with less sample through-put while a shorter pre-spark and exposure will increase sample throughput but may decrease precision and accuracy.
Typical time ranges are: Flush period, s Pre-burn period, s Exposure spark period, s Exposure arc period, s 2 2 2 2 to to to to 7 20 10 10 6 E — 07 The following ranges are presented as a guide. Drift Correction To correct for drift, a suite of reference materials that include both high and low concentrations of the elements is used to standardize the readout whenever a correction is required. Failure to routinely correct for instrument drift will adversely affect analysis results.
It is highly recommended that the purchaser of a new instrument specify that the appropriate drift correction standards be included with the purchase of the spectrometer.
If the instrument comes pre-calibrated, then these materials should automatically be included with the instrument. It is the responsibility of the purchaser to make sure that the correct standardants are included with the instrument. If the instrument is newly installed, give the unit sufficient time to stabilize in its new environment before proceeding with a drift correction.
It is recommended that the spectrometer be allowed to stabilize under vacuum if so equipped and to rest in its? Remember, the instrument must be pro? Refer to Practice E for further details. Initial drift correction responses should be established immediately after calibration. Failure to properly replace drift correction standards may adversely affect analysis accuracy. Calibration For 7 See Practice E for precautions to be used when handling gases. The thoriated tungsten or other suitable electrode serves as the counter electrode.
Since the discharge is essentially unidirectional, the counter electrode is not attacked and therefore can be used for many burns. Because the electrode is semi-permanent, continual gapping is not required.
It is recommended that the gap of the electrode be checked periodically. The gapping frequency is dependent on the number of burns. Consult with the manufacturer to determine the optimum gapping frequency for each instrument type. However, material ablated from the sample surface tends to build up on the tip of some types of electrodes. This buildup will change the gap and may adversely affect results.